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December 16, 2020 | Inspex project receives «Étoiles de l’Europe 2020» (Stars of Europe) award.

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Harald Richter - iStock

The EU Inspex project to develop a portable environmental perception device for the visually impaired won the “Étoiles de l’Europe 2020” (Stars of Europe) jury’s favorite award. CEA-List research director and Inspex project coordinator Suzanne Lesecq received the award at a ceremony sponsored by French Minister of Higher Education, Research, and Innovation Frédérique Vidal.

Jump to the end of the article and watch a video of the award ceremony and presentation of the project.

Visually-impaired people everywhere use the conventional white cane to get around in public spaces. While the cane is good at helping users avoid obstacles at ground level, it is not as effective for obstacles situated at hip level or higher. A “virtual safety bubble” that provides head-to-toe protection in all conditions (fog, rain, low light, and direct sunlight) would allow the visually impaired to move around safely, bringing them greater autonomy.

The Inspex project, which was completed in 2019, resulted in a portable environmental perception device that leveraged the CEA’s SigmaFusion™ technology to combine multiple sources of data, including distance measurements. The device is mounted on a white cane and coupled with an audio interface developed by GoSense. Potentially-dangerous obstacles are detected and located in 3D, creating that “virtual safety bubble” around the user.

“It takes a visually-impaired person just a few hours to learn and get accustomed enough to Inspex to move around smoothly, avoiding obstacles without touching them. Obstacles in the environment are located in 3D and the user is alerted through an audio-based augmented reality environment,” said Suzanne Lesecq.

img 1A model of the environment around the user is created from the distance measurements provided by the sensors inside Inspex. The model is then analyzed to outline the “virtual safety bubble” around the user. Any obstacle inside the safe zone is 3D-located and can be “heard” by the user through out-of-ear headphones.

 

 

The CEA, which coordinated the project, also optimized CEA-Leti's Ultra Wide Band (UWB) radar technology to meet the weight, power, and space requirements of the device. The radar can detect moving obstacles and estimate relative speed, heading off potential collisions.

Embedded environmental perception algorithms were developed by the CEA-List Carnot institute in conjunction with CEA-Leti. The algorithms factor the movement of the device into the digital model of the environment and analyze the model so that relevant information, (potentially-dangerous obstacles in the user’s path over the user’s entire height) can be extracted.

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    Test prototype   Final prototype

 

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The Inspex project, which ran from January 2017 to December 2019, was a joint effort by nine partners from six European countries, all coordinated by the CEA. The EU provided €4 million in funding and the Swiss government provided an additional €500,000 to support the development of a smart white cane with audible 3D obstacle location for the visually impaired. https://www.inspex-ssi.eu/

 

 

 

December 15, 2020 | CEA Combines 3D Integration Technologies & Many-Core Architectures to Enable High-Performance Processors That Will Power Exascale Computing

IEDM 2020 Paper Details

 

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INTACT Active Interposer with 6 Chiplets (c) CEA

SAN FRANCISCO – Dec. 15, 2020 – CEA-List and CEA-Leti, research institutes at CEA, presented their technologies for achieving exascale-level, high- performance computing (HPC). Highlighting CEA-List’s advanced demonstrators and CEA-Leti’s state-of-the-art, 3D-technology toolbox that together enable higher bandwidth and heterogeneity for processors, the researchers explain how these empowered properties are critical for hardware innovations that help enable exascale computing.

- Exascale computing refers to computing systems capable of calculating at least 10¹⁸, or one-billion-billion, floating-point operations per second, which would be twice as fast as the fastest computer available today. Efforts to develop exascale computing are driven by highly data-intensive scientific and industrial applications, such as climate research, drug discovery and material design. This level of performance in HPC and Big Data will be achieved with heterogeneous computing nodes composed of generic processor chiplets hosting accelerator chiplets for improved operational intensity.

“Profound evolutions brought by high performance computing (HPC) applications are based on continuous and exponential increases in computing performances over the past decades,” explained Denis Dutoit, a CEA-List scientist and lead author of the IEDM paper, How 3D integration technologies enable advanced compute node for Exascale-level High Performance Computing?. “Supercomputers will soon achieve exascale-level computing performances mainly thanks to the introduction of innovative hardware technologies around the processors.”

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ExaNoDe Heterogeneous Multi-Chip Module (c) CEA
  • The CEA technologies are powering demonstrators in the ExaNoDe and INTACT projects, which have developed integrated prototypes with technology building blocks to support the EU’s drive towards exascale computing. The two institutes combined expertise in silicon and 3D sequential integration with many-core architectures, which are differentiated by their high level of scalability and power efficiency. They have demonstrated the benefit of new integration methods and processes following two main paths: finer 3D interconnect pitches, leading to improved bandwidth between compute chiplets, and assembly technologies that allow increasing heterogeneity in packaging, which improves peak performance.

  • In addition, the importance of a 3D-integration solution to developing HPC processors is confirmed by the European Processor Initiative (EPI), with which CEA is deeply involved. Its aim is to design and implement a roadmap for a new family of low-power European processors for extreme scale computing, high-performance Big Data and a range of emerging applications.

“These R&D successes open a path towards heterogeneous processors that will enable exascale-level supercomputers,” said Denis Dutoit. “We demonstrated that co-optimization of advanced architectures with 3D integration technologies achieves the level of computing performance and bandwidth required for HPC.”

  • Because chiplets stacked on active interposer allow modularity and reusability at low development costs, CEA-List also is investigating using this new methodology for HPC architectures in the embedded world, for compute-intensive accelerators. For edge applications requiring a high level of computation and memory, such as artificial intelligence (AI), chiplet-based partitioning will enable the creation of a broad range of solutions to meet the needs for embedded AI. Potential uses include autonomous driving, transport applications and industry 4.0.

  • Current CEA-Leti research work addresses die-to-wafer direct hybrid-bonding technology, which offers denser 3D interconnects with better electrical, mechanical and thermal parameters, and allows ultrahigh-bandwidth capabilities in heterogeneous systems. CEA-Leti also is working on high-density through silicon vias (TSV) (pitch 1 to 4 µms) to create together with die-to-wafer hybrid bonding a complete dense 3D stack. For the longer term, CEA-Leti is also investigating innovative photonic-interposer technology as a 3D-based photonic chiplet approach to enable interconnection of tens of computing chiplets with the resulting chip-to-chip communication bandwidth, latency and energy.

  • Over the next decade, co-optimization of advanced integration technologies with disruptive architectures is expected to establish the key foundations for HPC components.

  • This work was funded by the French National Programme d’Investissements d’Avenir (Investments in the Future), IRT Nanoelec, under Grant ANR-10-AIRT-05.

  • This work also was supported by the ExaNoDe project, funded by the European Union’s H2020 program under grant agreement No. 671578.

References: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

 

December 15, 2020 | Keeping data more secure on the internet

actu snowpackIndividuals, businesses, and government are all increasingly concerned about data privacy and security when sending personal or sensitive information over the internet. CEA List has developed a novel data anonymization solution in response to growing demand for more robust data protection. This patented breakthrough technology will soon be commercialized by a startup called Snowpack.

 

 

 

More effective data protection could soon be a reality

Currently, data are exchanged over the internet in the form of packets, which include the data of interest, plus metadata such as IP addresses needed to deliver the data. The data can be protected using encryption. The metadata, however, remain visible, creating a vulnerability that hackers can exploit to very easily determine the identity and location of the sender and the recipient and, in some cases, access the encrypted data.

Data anonymization techniques do exist. These can entail using a trusted third-party to mask the sender’s, the recipient’s, and data subjects’ true identities. However, this information can still be seen by the third party. Over the past two years, successful cyberattacks exploiting this vulnerability have shown just how fragile today’s protection is.

A breakthrough concept

CEA List came up with a particularly innovative solution to enhance data anonymization and better protect data exchanges online. The data packets are divided into fragments made up of random but complementary data; these fragments are then anonymized and transmitted over separate pathways. This makes it impossible for hackers to get to sensitive data simply by observing the network used to transmit the data.

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In practical terms, it is also impossible for hackers to effectively monitor all of the fragments traveling over a network for a given message. And, even if hackers could find all of these apparently unrelated fragments, they would not be able to put them back together in a coherent manner, rendering them effectively useless.

A powerful plug-and-play technology

CEA List’s novel approach offers protection against mass network monitoring software, drastically reduces the area visible to hackers, and eliminates the need to use trusted third parties. Prototypes of the solution have been tested with success, and two patents have been filed to protect it.

Startup Snowpack, a spinoff of CEA List, was founded to develop and commercialize this technology. The company has set the ambitious goal of becoming the leading online data anonymization and security platform. The solution will be easy to integrate into software products and services, where it will seamlessly replace today’s solutions.

Contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.




December 1, 2020 | Transcranial ultrasound could help diagnose stroke

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AdobeStock

Ultrasound could soon become a fast, accurate technique for diagnosing strokes. CEA List, a CEA Tech institute, is developing digital tools for this purpose on machines at the BioMaps lab at the CEA Joliot imaging platform.

To effectively treat strokes, a fast, accurate diagnosis is vital. Currently, the techniques used to diagnose different kinds of strokes all require major medical imaging equipment like MRIs and X-ray scanners that are not generally available in emergency rooms and that can be difficult to access rapidly. If ultrasound could be used to diagnose stroke, around 140,000 people who suffer strokes each year in France alone could benefit from faster and more effective treatment.

Traditionally, a distinction is made between two kinds of strokes, each with its own treatment protocol. Currently, MRI and X-ray tomography are the two main techniques used to diagnose strokes. Ultrasound is much easier to access, cheaper, and more compact than these techniques, making it suitable for use on board ambulances, for instance. The problem is that the skull prevents the ultrasound waves from propagating correctly, which has a substantial negative impact on the quality of the image.

Researchers at CEA List, a member of the Carnot Network, are using models they developed to simulate the propagation of ultrasound waves in complex solid materials for non-destructive testing applications to simulate the disturbances to ultrasound wave propagation caused by the presence of the skull between the ultrasound probe and tissue observed. If the morphology of the skull wall is known, the phase laws to apply to the multielement probe can be calculated, offsetting the disturbances to the ultrasound wave front.

The researchers were able to refocus the ultrasound waves on the soft cranial tissue and significantly improve the quality of the ultrasound image. The next step will be to demonstrate the advantages of this kind of adaptive imaging method (developed for NDT) and use it to develop a stand-alone imaging system.

Read article at http://www.cea-tech.fr/

 

 

November 9, 2020 | Improved early fault detection in electrical cables

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CEA List, a CEA Tech institute, partnered with Nicomatic to develop a non-destructive testing (NDT) method for detecting the early signs of faults in electrical cables. They used a new, more sensitive and effective type of reflectometry.

Electrical cables are everywhere in our environment, carrying both energy and data for a variety of uses. The early detection of faults in these cables is vital—and today's commonly-used reflectometry-based systems[1] are plagued by a phenomenon known as self-blinding, which prevents faults from being detected early on. The Carnot CEA List recently came up with a solution to this problem in research conducted under the institute's joint lab with Nicomatic.

In electrical cables—one-dimensional systems—the sensor is located in a direct line of sight with the electrical signal that is sent to complete the test. The test signal does not contain any information, but still crowds out the signal returned via the channel being tested—and it is this far-less-perceptible signal that contains the information that is useful for the test. Nicomatic turned to CEA List experts to solve this problem, which they did by generating a signal opposite to the excitation signal and adding this signal to the channel's response. This ensures that the return signal only contains useful information.

The initial test results indicated that the new technique could effectively improve the detection of faults with very weak signatures. It could potentially be used in a wide range of applications, from self-diagnosing cable and cable network systems in the space (reusable space launchers), aeronautics, automotive (autonomous vehicles), rail, and energy transmission and distribution industries.

[1] Reflectometry is a technique where an electrical signal is propagated inside the system being tested. When the signal encounters a fault inside the system, part of the signal's energy is sent back to the point from which it originated. This reflected signal is analyzed for information on the system being tested.

Read article at http://www.cea-tech.fr/